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AWESOME AMMO By Craig Boddington

Craig Boddington talks Rifle Ammunition

Ammunition ACCURACY
In the days before scopes were in common use we weren’t quite so picky about our ammo because it was very difficult to learn exactly how well our rifles really shot. This 1930-vintage Sedgely Springfield is unusually accurate for the day.

I learned to handload centerfire at the same time I learned to shoot. The deal was that if I wanted to shoot, I also needed to reload. Since then I’ve spent lots of time at the reloading bench. I always enjoyed it, but I don’t do it much anymore. Back then, if you wanted accurate ammo, you pretty much had to load it yourself. Back then, if you wanted particular bullets, anything beyond the “vanilla ice cream” bullets offered by major manufacturers, you had to load them yourself.


It remains true that, only through handloading, can you truly tailor ammunition specifically to your rifle…but factory ammunition has gotten so good that it’s no longer a given than I can load a more accurate cartridge than I can buy. And as far as choices, good grief, the choices today are almost endless.


Awesome Ammuntion
For many years I believed I could handload a more accurate cartridge than I can buy. This is no longer a given. I tried a variety of “good” factory and handloads in this Savage 110. The clear winner in this rifle, with ¼-inch groups, was Federal Premium with 180-grain Barnes TSX.

We didn’t use to be quite so picky about our ammo. Although telescopic sights were used in the Civil War, they didn’t come into truly widespread use until after World War II. The riflescope has nothing to do with a rifle’s accuracy, but it sure does make it easier to shoot accurately! Before scopes most hunters didn’t really know how accurate their rifles and ammunition were (or were not)…and didn’t really care because effective range was limited by vision.






Copper Bullet
With “lead-free” hunting zones popping up copper alloy bullets are increasing in popularity. Barnes paved the way years ago, and now most major manufacturers have their own version…and they all work well. This is Winchester’s Razorback XT.

Bullets have also come a long way. The jacketed bullet was a parallel and enabling development to smokeless powder, which produced velocities too high for the lead and lead alloy projectiles used with blackpowder. Early expanding bullets were simple “cup and core” bullets: A drawn copper cup with a lead core. Expansion was promoted or retarded by the thickness of the jacket and the amount of lead exposed at the nose. Such bullets worked well then and work well now at moderate velocities, but may expand too quickly at extremely high (“magnum’) velocity. For years the only solution was to use heavier bullets, and to this day bullet weight covers a lot of sins in bullet design. But another answer was better bullets. John Nosler’s Partition, introduced in 1948, was the first of what we thought of as a “premium” hunting bullet. Others followed; Bill Steiger’s Bitterroot bullet, though always scarce and hoarded, was the first readily available bonded-core bullet.



Ammo selection
Load selection will always be limited with less popular cartridges, but with really popular numbers factory options can be extensive. These are just some of the manufacturers currently offering .375 H&H loads; the selection for really popular cartridges like .270, .30-06, and .308 runs into the many dozens of loads.

For years, however, these and subsequent “special” bullets were the exclusive province of handloaders. Federal started the Great Hunting Ammo Race when they started loading Nosler Partitions…but hunting bullet development didn’t stop with the Partition. Other special bullets came along, including the Trophy Bonded Bearclaw, Swift A-Frame, and Barnes X. These bullets, too, were initially the exclusive province of handloaders…but not anymore.



Federal long manufactured and loaded the Trophy Bonded Bearclaw under license, and more recently updated it to the “Trophy Bonded Tip” bullet. They also source and load Barnes bullets, and in larger calibers the Australian Woodleigh bullet has been a mainstay in both expanding bullets and solids.  Remington is currently the primary source for loaded ammo with Swift Bullets, both the A-Frame and the newer “tipped and bonded” Scirocco. Winchester started working with Nosler more than a decade ago, creating a line of “Combined Technology” Winchester/Nosler bullets for their own Winchester Supreme line of upgraded ammo. Winchester ammo today features Nosler’s AccuBond, Nosler’s homogenous alloy E-Tip, Ballistic Silverip (Nosler’s AccuTip wth Winchester’s coating), and, in their Safari line, Nosler Partitions and Solids.

Double Tap Ammuntion
For less popular calibers and cartridges smaller suppliers are often the key. Double Tap offers loads in popular calibers, but also a surprising selection of loads for less popular cartridges. They have perhaps the widest selection of loads for .35-calibers, including .35 Remington, .358, and this 200-grain Barnes TSX load in .35 Whelen.

These are all what we refer to as “sourced” bullets, obtained from bullet manufacturers by the major ammunition makers. The majors have also been busy developing their own bullets…and maintaining old standby bullets. The latter included Federal Hi-Shok, Remington Core-Lokt, and Winchester Power Point, good bullets all. New bullets from the majors include Federal’s Fusion and Trophy Copper; Remington’s Core-Lokt Ultra Bonded and Copper Solid; and Winchester’s Power Max Bonded and homogenous alloy Razorback XT.


It’s a confusing world, but that ain’t all. In addition to “named” bullets sourced from other manufacturers, the majors all use bullets from other suppliers in some loads. In addition to component bullets for handloaders, Hornady has long been a big player in this arena, so if some loads from other manufacturers seem to look like a Hornady bullet, well… Hornady, however, has also become a large player in the factory ammunition market. In addition to their good old InterLock, they have quite a line of their own bullets, loaded in their own ammunition lines. These include the aerodynamic SST, the core-bonded and tipped InterBond, the homogenous alloy GMX, and, in larger calibers, their DGX and DGS.

But wait, as the infomercials say, there’s more! Between ongoing military needs and growing sporting demand the ammunition market is huge, and smaller manufacturers aren’t as small as they used to be. Black Hills, for instance, has become an important supplier, offering great hunting ammo featuring a wide range of “name” bullets, including Barnes’ TSX, Hornady’s GMX, Nosler’s AccuBond, and more. Newer companies like Double Tap are stepping to the plate, similarly with “named” bullets—but in addition to the most popular numbers, they seem to specialize in calibers and bullet weights that the majors have bypassed. (Got a .35-caliber rifle? Check out Double Tap!)

Nosler is obviously primarily a bullet company, but they now have their own line of Nosler Custom ammo—really good stuff, obviously featuring Nosler bullets. They, too, have focused on calibers not readily available from the largest companies. For instance, they offer a wide selection of loads for the .264 Winchester Magnum and, uniquely, offer a factory load for the wildcat .280 Ackley Improved.

Craig Boddington, Ammuntion, Oklahoma Whitetail
I used Winchester’s Ballistic Silvertip in .280 to take this Oklahoma whitetail. There are lots and lots of great deer bullets, with few “bad” choices to be made—but as game gets larger and tougher the selection of ideal bullets diminishes

Today there are few cartridges and combinations that you can’t find over the counter…but if you really get stumped, there are a number of “custom” ammo loaders around the country who will put together darn near anything. The custom ammo firm I’m most familiar with is Superior, a great source for ready-loaded ammo for wildcat and obscure cartridges.

Reloading still remains a wonderful pastime for many thousands of shooters, and if the volume is high enough it’s still a lot cheaper…but today you can get store-bought ammo darn near any way you want it. There are two challenges: Deciding what bullets best suit your hunting needs; and determining what shoots best in your rifle. For the former, well, all hunting bullets are designed to offer certain performance characteristics. Today I really don’t believe there are any “bad” bullets on the market. Some are designed for more rapid expansion on deer-sized game; others are designed to provide deeper penetration on larger game. You probably should accept that the factory literature will contain a bit of hype, but in this electronic age there isn’t as much exaggeration as there once was. So you can study the websites, get a pretty good idea of various bullets’ performance characteristics, and make some selections. The good news: There will usually be several bullets from several makers, and thus several loads from multiple manufacturers, that will be well-suited to any given hunting situation.

Superior 8mm Mauser Ammunition
I wanted to take this original 8mm Mauser pig hunting, and I needed a lead-free load—fast! Custom loaders like Superior can answer almost any need, and at a surprisingly small premium above standard factory ammo.

As for the latter, well, rifles are finicky individuals. You can pick the one load that seems most ideal for your needs. Today’s factory ammunition is so consistent and modern rifles are so accurate that you will probably have enough accuracy for your needs—but it’s unlikely that the one load you select will produce the best accuracy in your rifle. So, over time, experiment with a few different loads before making your final selection. Some rifles are fairly consistent from one load to another, but many are not. So you may need to make some compromises between your concept of the most ideal bullet and some other bullets that will work; or between the load that’s most accurate in your rifle and a load that is accurate enough, but feature the bullet you really want to use. Hey, we’ve always had to make these choices. It’s just that, today, there are a lot more choices out there. Fortunately it’s pretty hard to make a genuinely wrong decision!



Every day via social media, emails, the telephone and in personal conversations serious hunters ask Craig one question more than any other: “Which outfitter should I use?” The species vary and the regions vary, but it is essentially the same question. Craig decided to create a place on his website where everyone can get this question answered. That place is


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Craig Boddington

Craig Boddington is one of today’s most respected outdoor journalists. He spent the past forty years exploring our natural world as a hunter and sharing his knowledge and experiences in dozens of books and through thousands of published articles and essays. He’s a decorated Marine, an award-winning author, and continues to be a leading voice for conservation and ethical hunting around the world.

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